Europe Media Monitor Mycotoxin News

The Europe Media Monitor (EMM) is an automated media monitor that lets you easily see, explore and understand current news reported by the world’s online media. The Mycotoxins section has been developed specifically for the APHLIS website and scans international media for all news related to Mycotoxin occurrence, research, legislation and other relevant topics.

Older articles, other languages and more information on the EMM ›

mdpi 24 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 739: Determination of Ochratoxin A and Ochratoxin B in Archived Tokaj Wines (Vintage 1959–2017) Using On-Line Solid Phase Extraction Coupled to Liquid Chromatography

According to the EU legislation, ochratoxin A contamination is controlled in wines. Tokaj wine is a special type of sweet wine produced from botrytized grapes infected by “noble rot” Botrytis cinerea . Although a high contamination was reported in sweet wines and noble rot grapes could be....

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mdpi 24 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 735: Investigating the Efficiency of Hydroxycinnamic Acids to Inhibit the Production of Enniatins by Fusarium avenaceum and Modulate the Expression of Enniatins Biosynthetic Genes

Enniatins (ENNs) that belong to the group of emerging mycotoxins are widespread contaminants of agricultural commodities. There is currently insufficient evidence to rule out health concerns associated with long-term exposure to ENNs and efforts must be strengthened to define a control strategy.

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4-traders 23 Nov 2020

Boosting Africa's Food Supply: Rethinking Aflatoxin Management for Improved Food Trade in East Africa

(marketscreener.com) The high prevalence of aflatoxins in maize and other staple foods in East Africa has become an important obstacle to domestic and regional food trade. While East African Community Member States have made good progress in adopting regionally harmonized standards that include limits on aflatoxins, the high cost and complexity of.

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pubs-acs-jafcau 23 Nov 2020

[ASAP] Discovery of γ-Lactam Alkaloid Derivatives as Potential Fungicidal Agents Targeting Steroid Biosynthesis

A vast no. of plant pathogens from viroids of a few hundred nucleotides to higher plants cause diseases in our crops. Their effects range from mild symptoms to catastrophes in which large areas planted to food crops are destroyed. Catastrophic plant disease exacerbates the current deficit of food....

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mdpi 23 Nov 2020

Pathogens, Vol. 9, Pages 976: Induction of Fusarium lytic Enzymes by Extracts from Resistant and Susceptible Cultivars of Pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Being pathogenic fungi, Fusarium produce various extracellular cell wall-degrading enzymes (CWDEs) that degrade the polysaccharides in the plant cell wall. They also produce mycotoxins that contaminate grains, thereby posing a serious threat to animals and human beings.

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mdpi 23 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 734: Single-Dose Toxicity of Individual and Combined Sterigmatocystin and 5-Methoxysterigmatocistin in Rat Lungs

Sterigmatocystin (STC) and 5-methoxysterigmatocystin (5-M-STC) are mycotoxins produced by common damp indoor Aspergilli series Versicolores . Since both STC and 5-M-STC were found in the dust of indoor occupational and living areas, their occupants may be exposed to these mycotoxins, primarily by inhalation.

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markets-businessinsider 23 Nov 2020

Global Analytical Standards Market (2020 to 2025) - Patent Expiry of Major Drugs and Biomolecules Presents Opportunities

report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. The global analytical standards market size is projected to reach USD 1.7 billion by 2025 from USD 1.3 billion in 2020, at a CAGR of 6.3%. Factors such as the increasing adoption of analytical techniques in pesticide monitoring are propelling the growth of the analytical standards market.

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mdpi 23 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 732: Effects of Single and Repeated Oral Doses of Ochratoxin A on the Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Defense Systems in Mouse Kidneys

Ochratoxin-A (OTA) is a carcinogenic and nephrotoxic mycotoxin, which may cause health problems in humans and animals, and it is a contaminant in foods and feeds. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effect of oral OTA exposure on the antioxidant defense and lipid peroxidation in the kidney.

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thenationonlineng 23 Nov 2020

Farms hit by high feed prices

Daniel Essiet. HIGH -feed prices are causing financial losses to husbandry households and farms, especially those that raise poultry, the International Network for Family Poultry Development (INFPD) has said. Coordinator, International Network for Family Poultry Development (INFPD), Prof Babafunso....

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kenyamoja 22 Nov 2020

Standard: Research firm develops anti-aflotoxin fungus

A Kalro worker displays varieties of sorghum . [Antony Gitonga] Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation (Kalro) has developed a fungus to contain the spread of aflatoxin. Aflasafe, which is produced from sorghum, is a fungus that is biologically used to control aflatoxin in maize.

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standardmedia 22 Nov 2020

Research firm develops anti-aflotoxin fungus

A Kalro worker displays varieties of sorghum . [Antony Gitonga] Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation (Kalro) has developed a fungus to contain the spread of aflatoxin. Aflasafe, which is produced from sorghum, is a fungus that is biologically used to control aflatoxin in maize.

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kenyamoja 22 Nov 2020

People Daily: Kalro develops fungus to fight aflatoxin spread

The Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation (Kalro) has developed a fungus - aflasafe that contains the spread of the deadly aflatoxin in grains. The move is major win mainly for maize farmers who for years have lost produce worth millions to aflatoxins, which are poisonous mutagens that are produced by certain molds.

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mdpi 21 Nov 2020

Agriculture, Vol. 10, Pages 565: Mycotoxin Contamination of Selected Organic Enrichment Materials Used in Pig Farming

Abnormal behavior, such as tail biting, is a fundamental problem in pig husbandry worldwide, and the application of enrichment materials, particularly organic materials, is one of the most promising preventive and curative measures. However, the potential health risks posed by these materials, such....

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kswfoodmicro 20 Nov 2020

USA – Pet foods recalled for possible excess Aflatoxin

AVMA Pet food maker Sunshine Mills recalled products sold under 17 brand names for potentially harmful amounts of aflatoxin. The company attributed the danger to mold on a single delivery of corn used in making the foods, mostly dog chow … Continue reading →

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mdpi 19 Nov 2020

Animals, Vol. 10, Pages 2157: Effects of Dietary Zearalenone Exposure on the Growth Performance, Small Intestine Disaccharidase, and Antioxidant Activities of Weaned Gilts

Zearalenone (ZEA) is a secondary metabolite with estrogenic effects produced by Fusarium fungi and mainly occurs as a contaminant of grains such as corn and wheat. ZEA, to which weaned gilts are extremely sensitive, is the main Fusarium toxin detected in cornsoybean meal diets.

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mdpi 18 Nov 2020

Foods, Vol. 9, Pages 1687: Effect of Gamma-Radiation on Zearalenone—Degradation, Cytotoxicity and Estrogenicity

Zearalenone (ZEA) is produced in cereals by different species of Fusarium , being a non-steroidal estrogenic mycotoxin. Despite having a low acute toxicity, ZEA strongly interferes with estrogen receptors. Gamma-radiation has been investigated to eliminate mycotoxins from food and feed, showing promising results.

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galusaustralis 18 Nov 2020

Global Mycotoxins Testing Market 2020 Research Strategies and Forecasts till 2027

This recently added report entitled envelopes all-in information of the market, statistical analysis, and perspective on the market. The study report is a detailed analysis of the market province that provides details such as industry tactics, different technologies, key companies, growth rate, business competitors, and forecast by 2027.

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mdpi 18 Nov 2020

JoF, Vol. 6, Pages 296: Drug-Resistant Aspergillus flavus Is Highly Prevalent in the Environment of Vietnam: A New Challenge for the Management of Aspergillosis?

The burden of aspergillosis, especially Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis, is increasingly recognized, and the increasing presence of azole-resistant environmental Aspergillus fumigatus has been highlighted as a health risk. However, a sizable minority of aspergillosis is caused by Aspergillus flavus....

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mdpi 18 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 720: Laser Ablation Remote-Electrospray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (LARESI MSI) Imaging—New Method for Detection and Spatial Localization of Metabolites and Mycotoxins Produced by Moulds

To date, no method has been developed to assess the distribution of mycotoxins on the surface of grains, or other plant material, and the depth of their penetration into the interior. The Infrared (IR) Laser Ablation-Remote-Electrospray Ionization (LARESI) platform coupled to a tandem mass....

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mdpi 18 Nov 2020

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 6577: Novel Time-Resolved Fluorescence Immunochromatography Paper-Based Sensor with Signal Amplification Strategy for Detection of Deoxynivalenol

Immunoassay has the advantages of high sensitivity, high specificity, and simple operation, and has been widely used in the detection of mycotoxins. For several years, time-resolved fluorescence immunochromatography (TRFIA) paper-based sensors have attracted much attention as a simple and low-cost field detection technology.

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mdpi 17 Nov 2020

IJMS, Vol. 21, Pages 8681: Double Gamers—Can Modified Natural Regulators of Higher Plants Act as Antagonists against Phytopathogens? The Case of Jasmonic Acid Derivatives

As key players in biotic stress response of plants, jasmonic acid (JA) and its derivatives cover a specific and prominent role in pathogens-mediated signaling and hence are promising candidates for a sustainable management of phytopathogenic fungi. Recently, JA directed antimicrobial effects on....

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tribuneonlineng 17 Nov 2020

NSPRI introduces hermetic steel drums for food storage

IN a bid to reduce postharvest losses and improve the quality of food across the country, the Nigeria Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI) has commenced the use of hermetic steel drums for the storage of dried durable products. The agency, which aims to reduce postharvest losses by ensuring....

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blog-healthywildlife 16 Nov 2020

Calcium oxalate crystals in the kidneys.

As wildlife pathologists one of our goals is to determine the cause of death of wild animals submitted for necropsy. The first step of a necropsy is to do a macroscopic exam of the... The post Calcium oxalate crystals in the kidneys. appeared first on Healthy Wildlife.

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mdpi 16 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 719: A Study of Carry-Over and Histopathological Effects after Chronic Dietary Intake of Citrinin in Pigs, Broiler Chickens and Laying Hens

Citrinin (CIT) is a polyketide mycotoxin occurring in a variety of food and feedstuff, among which cereal grains are the most important contaminated source. Pigs and poultry are important livestock animals frequently exposed to mycotoxins, including CIT.

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thepigsite 16 Nov 2020

Study suggests that breeding for disease resilience is more cost-effective 16 Nov 2020 Findings from a new research project suggests that breeding for disease resilience will yield more economic value than breeding based on production traits.

Breeding animals to be resilient against disease would be more cost-effective than breeding based on production traits, new research suggests. Findings published in Genetics Selection Evolution show that breeding for optimum disease resilience could be three times more profitable than that of....

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mdpi 16 Nov 2020

JoF, Vol. 6, Pages 289: The Conserved MAP Kinase MpkB Regulates Development and Sporulation without Affecting Aflatoxin Biosynthesis in Aspergillus flavus

In eukaryotes, the MAP kinase signaling pathway plays pivotal roles in regulating the expression of genes required for growth, development, and stress response. Here, we deleted the mpkB gene (AFLA_034170), an ortholog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae FUS3 gene, to characterize its function in....

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mdpi 16 Nov 2020

Agronomy, Vol. 10, Pages 1791: Siliceous Natural Nanomaterials as Biorationals—Plant Protectants and Plant Health Strengtheners

This review aims to evaluate the scientific evidences for siliceous natural nanomaterials (SNNMs), natural zeolites, and diatomaceous earth, as biorationals. Both SNNMs are multifaceted agricultural inputsplant protectants, plant biostimulants/plant strengtheners, soil improvers.

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mdpi 13 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 718: A Calibration Curve Implanted Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Simultaneously Quantitative Determination of Multiplex Mycotoxins in Cereal Samples, Soybean and Peanut

In this study, a rapid and sensitive immunoassay method has been established based on calibration curve implanted enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) for the simultaneously quantitative determination of aflatoxin B 1 , deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in cereal samples, soybean and peanut.

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mdpi 13 Nov 2020

Toxins, Vol. 12, Pages 717: Ssu72 Regulates Fungal Development, Aflatoxin Biosynthesis and Pathogenicity in Aspergillus flavus

The RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription process is coordinated by the reversible phosphorylation of its largest subunit-carboxy terminal domain (CTD). Ssu72 is identified as a CTD phosphatase with specificity for phosphorylation of Ser5 and Ser7 and plays critical roles in regulation of transcription cycle in eukaryotes.

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thepigsite 13 Nov 2020

Public banks encouraged to share funding fairly, as data shows that poor farmers are receiving little financial help 13 Nov 2020 As the world's 450 public development banks held their first summit this week, committing to put the global economy on a greener and more resilient path, data showed poor communities hit hard by climate change are receiving little financial help.…

According to a report from the Thompson Reuters Foundation , less than 2 percent of climate finance goes to small-scale farmers in developing nations, despite their vulnerability to worsening extreme weather and their crucial role in feeding billions of people, said a new report on Thursday 12 November.

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kswfoodmicro 13 Nov 2020

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Pistchios – Peanut Butter – Chilli Powder – Dried Figs – Hazelnut Kernels

RASFF aflatoxins (B1 = 18; Tot. = 20 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios in shell from Spain in the Netherlands RASFF aflatoxins (B1 = 5; Tot. = 5.9 µg/kg – ppb) in peanut butter from the United States in Germany … Continue reading →

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mdpi 13 Nov 2020

IJMS, Vol. 21, Pages 8548: Efficiency of Hydroxycinnamic Phenolic Acids to Inhibit the Production of Ochratoxin A by Aspergillus westerdijkiae and Penicillium verrucosum

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the worldwide most important mycotoxins in terms of health and agroeconomic consequences. With the aim to promote the use of phytochemicals as alternatives to synthetic fungicides, the effect of hydroxycinnamic acids on the fungal growth and OTA yield by two major OTA-producing species was investigated.

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